I suffered from diabetes when I was 9 in 1955 in Taiwan. I never had a good medical care for 46 years until 2001, Kaiser allowed me to have an insulin pump and I got free style to measure my blood glucose. Before 2001, my HA1c is in the range of 8.9. After 2001, it is in the range of 7.1-7.5.
I have no diabetic complications in the past 61 years. As a medical scientist, some T1D with 5,6,7 or 8 auto-antibodies against many different organs in the body. But all T1D has a common anti-islet antibody. I hope that I am the T1D with only anti-islet antibody with other auto-antibodies which might explain some T1D with very little or no complications. I believe that 35% T1D has only one antibody so I am over 70 years old without any complications and live in a good life. Dr. Stephen S Yu, firstname.lastname@example.org 415-244-6215