Joy, welcome to the club. It’s a rather exclusive club.
I haven’t read all of the other comments, but I just want to add a little bit of practical information from the perspective of someone who has lived with T1D for 44 years and survived too many life threatening episodes. PLUS, and this is important, I’m in Australia and our approach to health and medicine is different to the USA, which is where I assume you are. Here in Oz we have a universal health care system, so our focus is more on our health, rather than on buying stuff.
With regard to a healthy range - I assume the HBA1C measure is universal so it is best to try to keep it below 8. That can be easier said than done, but that should be your long term goal. But this is one of the many things where I seem to have a slightly different focus to most others. If you get an HBA1C of 9, don’t fret. It is not the end of the world. Just keep that in mind as you make your 1023 daily choices for food, exercise and insulin.
With regard to insulin - everybody is different, and not only that, it changes for everybody over time. After 44 years I into about my 5th or 6th management regime. My insulin now is vastly different to what it was 20 years ago, and 5 years from now it will be different again.
From what I read, one of the differences between the Australian approach to health care and that in the USA - and I good easily be very wrong here so please excuse me if I am - here in Oz we have trust in the doctors and don’t try to second guess their advice. Obviously we consider it and think about it, but we don’t “assume” that there might be better advice out there that suits our opinions better. Having said that, I’m guilty of telling the doctor that I wouldn’t do something. Like 12 months ago when she had me on a small injection at lunch time. I tried it for a few months and then told her that I considered it to be not helping and also a significant inconvenience. We discussed it briefly and then she agreed that I should stop it. The same doctor when she recently advised me to start taking blood pressure medication. We discussed it and then I said that I choose not to. She smiled at me and we moved on with the appointment.
My final piece of advice, and this is obviously based on my experience, is that going low is a far more serious situation than going high. When low, you are dealing in minutes before you become a medical emergency. When high, you are dealing in hours / days / weeks. So if you are in a tight situation where food may not be readily available over the next period of time, it is safer to aim high than to try to remain “balanced”. I don’t want to frighten you, but I have woken in hospital in Intensive Care too many times. It is dangerous, frightening and all too real. If there is any question at all about staying within range but potentially going low, don’t. Aim for the high side of average; it is much safer over your life time.
I hope my words have helped in some way.
Alex of Oz